University description (as per official university website)
An initiative that comes to life
The history of CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Education) dates back to May 1940, when he was held in Washington DC, United States of America the Eighth American Scientific Congress.
In the session on agriculture and resource conservation, Mr. Henry Wallace, who at that time was serving as Secretary of Agriculture of the United States proposed the creation of an American institution for tropical agriculture to support the American countries with their research agriculture and help to train national staff.
According to this proposal at its meeting held on 15 May 1940 the Director General of Agriculture of Ecuador, Ernesto Molestina, there were three resolutions among which was one that recommended the establishment of a school of tropical agriculture. In the afternoon the same day, the Committee at that time by Joseph jefeado A.Bernabé-Nolla, Puerto Rico, adopted a resolution recommending the appointment of a Technical Committee to prepare specific proposals for the establishment of American Institute of Agricultural Sciences.
After studying the possibilities offered by several Latin American countries for the establishment of the headquarters of the Institute, the Technical Committee found that Costa Rica was the country most appropriate location for this new organization. This Central American country was a strategic location between South America and North America also had the typical features of American agriculture.
The creation of the Institute was approved by the Governing Board of the Pan American Union on October 7, 1942.
That was how the American Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IICA) was established in an agricultural area of the canton of Turrialba, donated in perpetuity by the Government of Costa Rica.
Dr. Earl Bressman was named its first director, and he was given the authority to negotiate and eventually sign, on November 5, 1942, the agreement that specified the terms of operation of the new institution. The Minister of Agriculture Mr. Mariano Montealegre Carazo, on behalf of President of the Republic of Costa Rica, Dr. Rafael Angel Calderón Guardia, signed the Convention and 19 December 1942, ratified by Law n.29 of Legislature of this country.
The first IICA Field Office (established in the canton of Turrialba) was officially launched in 1943 with the presence of Dr. Calderón Guardia and Mr. Henry Wallace.
The excellent work that began to develop different IICA officials opened the way for further expansion. Thus, in 1944 signed the First International Multilateral IICA, which was achieved legal recognition by various American governments.
With the creation of the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1948, the Institute became the specialized agency for agriculture of the American system and consolidated its work in planning their actions in each and every one of the countries of the hemisphere (initiative that achieves in the nineties, with income Bahamas.
By 1964, 21 American States OAS were members of IICA.
During the seventies, the Institute began running a series of specialized programs for multinational nature of the hemispheric projection. The functions of research and teaching were separated from the Instituto overall. This differentiation led to the creation of the Tropical Agriculture Research and Education (CATIE).
So in July 1973 by agreement between the Interamerican Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IICA) and the government of Costa Rica, CATIE is created and occupied the premises of the first field office of IICA, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
IICA's headquarters moved to the canton of Coronado, provided on Costa Rican soil.
In the agreement signed between the Government of Costa Rica, IICA, CATIE was established that would last 10 years as an institution. However, at the end of the original period of legal existence signed a new agreement between IICA and the government that ensured the continuation of CATIE for an additional period of 20 years.
1995 marked the beginning of the inclusion of gender within the CATIE institutional policies in the context of sustainable development. The first activity was the development of an institutional policy paper on this topic.
In this year began the process of managing a doctorate in agroforestry in the CATIE postgraduate plans.
In its May 1995 meeting the Board reviewed the work of CATIE FUNDATROPICOS doctoral plans.
Doctoral Studies Program was inaugurated in March 1996.
In 2000, thanks to the efforts made by the Directorate General of CATIE to the government of Costa Rica, the Legislature of this country adopts a new version of the contract establishing the CATIE, a law that governs and gives life to the Center for 20 years .
In this 2003, before the celebration of its 30th anniversary CATIE has 14 regular members: the American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua , Panama, Paraguay, Dominican Republic and Venezuela.
Contribute to reducing rural poverty by promoting agriculture and natural resource management and sustainable competitive through higher education, research and technical cooperation.
The ultimate beneficiaries of the work of CATIE are:
Small and medium-sized farmers with limited resources, including those living in extreme poverty and those with minimal means to diversify and be competitive.
Rural communities and local organizations
Farmers (as) commercial and agribusiness entrepreneurs to generate rural employment
The regional science center for agriculture and natural resource management dedicated to sustainable rural development and poverty reduction in tropical America
An advanced facility in the development, integration and dissemination of appropriate technologies and methodologies for sustainable agriculture, agroforestry and natural resource management.
The key regional institution of higher education in the countryside, where social and natural sciences social, economic, technical and cultural.
A primary source of training and knowledge to strengthen public and private institutions involved in sustainable agriculture and natural resource management.
A catalyst for the unification and integration of knowledge with other international initiatives, national and regional.
A highly influential group of experts to help shape government policies related to agricultural and natural resources.