University description (as per official university website)
History of the Ruperto Carola
The Ruprecht-Karls-University is the oldest university in Germany. She was to Prague and Vienna, the third establishment on the ground of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation. The Elector and Count Palatine of the Rhine Rupert I opened it with papal approval in 1386 in his residence, at a spiritual center to give its territory to attract foreign and churches and to train public servants in their own country. The first professors came from Paris and Prague - schism and nationality struggles they had forced the departure. Founding Rector of the Netherlands was Marsilius of Inghen.
The electors cared for their university, access to their autonomy but also one where it seemed necessary to them. Thus creating new intellectual currents, such as humanism, space.
From the Reformation was Luther's appearance at the University of Heidelberg in 1518 despite a long time untouched. It was not until she walked Ottheinrich elector in 1556 to an evangelical college in the country. In the second half of the 16th Heidelberg century by Frederick III. a center of European science and culture, and received a special character as a Calvinist university. Heidelberg was the German Geneva, the international broadcasting professors and students from all over Europe hierherzog. With the cooperation of the Faculty of Theology in 1563 created the famous Heidelberg Catechism. In addition to the Calvinism came towards the end of the 16th Späthumanismus century.
The heyday lasted to 1618. The Thirty Years War dieUniversität hit hard. Multiple teaching was interrupted in 1622 the world famous Bibliotheca Palatina to Rome. The hard new beginning after the war broke up the complete destruction of Heidelberg by the troops of Louis XIV 1693rd Once again, the university was closed several years.
In the 18 Century prevailed in almost all universities in Heidelberg intellectual mediocrity as before. The hitherto undisputed evangelical character was lost by a late Counter-Reformation. Financial mismanagement and the Revolutionary War in the late 18th Century brought the university to their property and income.
The transition to Heidelberg Baden led in 1803 brought in a new beginning. The University was reorganized and the state-funded educational institution. The name of the first Grand Duke of Baden Karl Friedrich said the university named its founder, and since then have added calls Ruprecht-Karls-University.
Intellectually, the university was marked by humanism, but also the romantics found adherents among professors and students. Hegel taught two years in Heidelberg, Heidelberg locksmiths founded his own school of political history, the physician Chelius moved across Europe in patients. University professors were among the winners of Vormarz liberalism, several of them were 1848 members of the Frankfurt National Assembly. After the Revolution, Ludwig Häusser spokesman of the liberal nation-state conviction in southwestern Germany. While the natural sciences in the interaction of Bunsen, Kirchhoff and Helmholtz experienced a great moment, in the 19th century Heidelberg was widely known as jurists University.
Heidelberg was a cosmopolitan and liberal university. This was evident not only in the many foreign students, but since the turn of the century on specific Heidelberger mind, an interdisciplinary conversation, which was inspired by Max Weber with his friends, notably the theologian Ernst Troeltsch, and a circle of young scholars.
In the Weimar Republic was considered a stronghold of Heidelberg democratic spirit, characterized by figures such as Professor Karl Jaspers, Gustav Radbruch, Martin Dibelius, Alfred Weber. The American donation was built from New University was awarded the Friedrich Gundolf formulated dedication "To the living spirit." Nevertheless, remained Shadow: The student body was becoming radicalized, the pacifist Emil Gumbel had to leave the university because he was not his nationalist colleagues endured. Scientifically shaped primarily philosophical and Faculty of Law at that time, the image of Heidelberg. New methods were also Ludolf von Krehl with the concept of holistic medicine.
The Third Reich in Heidelberg led to the dismissal of a large number of faculty members and to the exclusion of students from political and racial reasons. Many had to emigrate, two professors were just victims of terror. Through the work of Heidelberg was profiled regime supporters decried as Brown University, the "living spirit" was by "the German spirit" is replaced officially, as in all the many homage then.
At the end of World War II the university was outwardly intact, but needed the spiritual renewal. Under the leadership of a new Constitution was drafted Jaspers, in which the University undertook to "the living spirit of truth, justice and humanity to serve." The first rector of the postwar period, the surgeon Karl Heinrich Bauer.
In the course of the development and expansion of the university was divided geographically: The Science and Medicine was established in one part of a Neuenheimer Feld campus university, while the humanities ancestral residence in the old town kept her.
Reforms changed the existing structures. Passed the university since its founding four faculties (theology, law, medicine, philosophy) and came fifth in 1890 the science faculty added as she was broken in 16 faculties 1969th The number of students grew steadily - in the anniversary year 1986 Heidelberg 27 000 students were in enrolled.
Even the traditionally large proportion of foreigners has been reinstated after the war. The fact that today as the single task understood from the high numbers, and research and teaching, despite sees the university in all its members as a challenge and an obligation to.
Faculty of Theology
Medical Faculty of Heidelberg
Medical Faculty Mannheim
Faculty of Arts
Faculty of Modern Languages
Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences
Faculty of Behavioral and Empirical Cultural Sciences
Faculty of Mathematics and computer science
Faculty of Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculty of Physics and Astronomy
Faculty of Life Sciences