University description (as per official university website)
The Goethe-University is a vibrant, urban and cosmopolitan university. The founding in 1914 as a foundation university, the University owes its characteristic combination of the city of Frankfurt dynamic science, the legacy of enlightenment and self-conscious civic engagement on the basis of international trade and industry.
As one of the largest universities in Germany with over 37,000 students, the university offers a broad range of subjects in research and teaching. Based on solid research supports the University of application-oriented and practical reference.
The Goethe University has set itself the goal of
to be provided on the basis of a broad spectrum of subjects in future priorities in research and teaching excellence and to achieve a leadership position in the educational landscape,
to provide excellent scientific methods and technical knowledge, guidance and education and also provide a comprehensive academic further education,
to maintain the exchange in a variety of regional and international networks,
contribute, through close contact between science and practice of solving social, political, economic and cultural problems,
to make internal and external demands on the highest quality services we scientific achievements and services and to review as a learning organization, our services and improve and constantly critical
to focus our activities through an active campus development.
History of the Goethe-University
The Goethe University at the time of its founding in 1914, is unique. It arose out of the consideration that can be found at a university solutions to problems of the present. It was natural for the city of Frankfurt and its residents that they are for a university foundation committed and financially motivated: politicians like Mayor Franz Adickes, industrialists like William Merton and citizens, especially of Jewish origin, property donated for a higher education institution.
In Frankfurt, was therefore a purely private funds funded university, the first foundation university in Germany. The constitution of this new foundation was remarkable, because in addition to the rector and the deans of the five faculties, there was a board of trustees and a "Grand Council", in which donor families, entrepreneurs and politicians of the city accompanied the path of the university. This - in modern terms - civil commitment of the University of Frankfurt brought despite the generally difficult political relations success.
Frankfurt was next to Berlin as the financially best-equipped university in Germany. Teaching and education were organized modern, the founders made a point that in addition to traditional subjects, new and practical disciplines were informed in advance. The science subjects were given their own faculty and have not been - as elsewhere still common - organized under the Faculty of Arts. In addition to the Medical Faculty of Law and directed the first one, the Frankfurt Economic and Social Sciences in Germany. There were also numerous institutes belonging to the university, for example, an Institute for Social Research, an academy of work, an institute for cultural morphology (Frobenius-Institut) and an Alsace-Lorraine Institute.
The personnel lists of Frankfurt University read before 1933 as a "Who's Who" of the German academic world: in Frankfurt taught and conducted research at the National Socialism of the Nobel laureate Paul Ehrlich (medicine), Max von Laue, Max Born and Otto Stern (physics). Also included Martin Buber, Paul Tillich, Adolph Leo, Franz Oppenheimer, Karl Mannheim, Kurt Goldstein, Karl Herxheimer, Max Dehn on the faculty - the list goes on and on with ease. In the matriculation books are also well-known names to read. At the University of Frankfurt, for example, studied Zuckmayer, Marion Countess Doenhoff, Ludwig Erhard, Martin Kettle, Gabriele tergite, Nicholas Pewsner, Theodor Adorno-meadow. In short, the Frankfurt University was both for teachers and for students a more attractive place. Here studied the subsequent intellectual elite of the Federal Republic of Germany.
distributed shortly after Hitler's seizure of the Nazis, all Jewish and politically unpopular scientists and students from the universities. The University of Frankfurt, compulsory measures are particularly hard hit: 100 Jewish scientists lost their teaching license in the spring of 1933, one third of all professors had to leave the teaching staff. Another 16 professors sent the Ministry for political reasons. Many students have been expelled and were forced to abandon their studies. From the cosmopolitan and liberal Frankfurter University a "synchronized" university became one.
After the Second World War and the reconstruction of the destroyed buildings was the Goethe-University (as it was known since 1932) returns to its place in the German university landscape. From the Foundation University was a state university. Foundations played only a minor role, the university was dependent on public funds. Nevertheless, it managed to fill vacant professorships with famous people. The physicist and the economics and business administration ties prior to their great scientific tradition in 1933 and moved so that students in the city.
The high level that was reached in Frankfurt again revealed in the number of Nobel Prize winners, here in the second half of the 20th Century, studied or taught: the physicist Hans Bethe, Gerd Binning and Horst Stormer, the doctors Günter Blobel, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, the chemist Paul Karrer and Hartmut Michel, and the economist Reinhard Selten. The Nobel Prize winner Günter Grass Foundation Visiting Professor in 1990 for poetry. Two professors were awarded the Balzan Prize, the "Nobel Prize of Cultural Studies," the historian Lothar Gall and legal historian Michael Stolleis.
The university grew, new subjects were added and abetted by the excellent location of the university, more students moved to Frankfurt. Today, the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University of the ten largest universities in Germany. By integrating the teaching in the winter semester 1914/15 600 students started their studies in Frankfurt, the rector was called in the following semesters each newly registered students accepted with a handshake. In the winter were at the Goethe University enrolled over 37,000 students.
The teaching and research does not focus on one campus, but to four. The Goethe-University is therefore a device which is present in the city several times, in the spirit of the founding idea. At the four sites, on which today are the 16 faculties of the University of Frankfurt distributed, can also be seen the old Faculty Rules: The former Economic and Social Sciences and the Law Faculty at the campus Bockenheim, the Natural Sciences on the campus Riedberg, Medicine at Niederrad the campus and the Faculty of Arts on the Campus Westend. This will provide the "mass university" Frankfurt the profile that it needs to continue in the rankings to occupy a leading position. For one or two excellent institutes or seminars per campus will be sufficient, first, to enhance the particular site and thus the entire university. Size is not equal strength, in the case of the University of Frankfurt ie size diversity, and thus holds enormous potential for the future development of the university.