University Of Queensland
University description (as per official university website)
The University of Queensland was established by an Act of State Parliament on December 10, 1909 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Queensland’s separation from the colony of New South Wales. Its foundation four months later made it the first university in the State and the fifth in the nation.
In 1911, 83 students (including 23 women) attended the first classes in Government House, George Street, Brisbane.
The First World War slowed development but afterwards, research and teaching burgeoned as demand for higher education increased. The fledgling University outgrew the buildings in George Street, and the search for a larger campus began.
A site at Victoria Park (now partially occupied by the Mayne Medical School) was secured by statute in 1922 as a possible permanent home for the University. Between 1927 and 1929, Dr James O’Neil Mayne, in association with his sister Miss Mary Emelia Mayne, provided £60,000 to the Brisbane City Council to resume 274 acres of land at St Lucia and provide it to the University as its permanent home.
Named after the sugar-producing island of St Lucia in the West Indies, the area originally was used to farm sugar, arrowroot, cotton, maize and pineapples. A sugar mill, washed away by the 1893 flood, operated where the University boat shed now stands.
Lack of finance delayed development of the site. The University leased the land to the State Government for use as a Farm School administered by the Department of Agriculture and Stock, until construction on what would become the Forgan Smith Building began in March 1938.
The first building, later named the Forgan Smith Building after the Premier of the day, was completed in 1939. The Second World War diverted its use to military purposes and it served first as advanced headquarters for the Allied Land Forces in the South West Pacific. The University's move from George Street to St Lucia was accomplished between 1946 and 1972.
In 1990, the University merged with Queensland Agricultural College (now UQ Gatton) as part of a unified national system abolishing the binary system of universities and colleges of advanced education. And in 1999, UQ Ipswich opened as one of the first purpose-built, completely Web-enabled campuses in Australia.
Malcolm I. Thomis' book, A Place of Light & Learning : the University of Queensland's First Seventy-five Years , provides information on the University’s history to 1985.
Information relating to the early history of UQ and the Queensland Heritage Register listing of the Great Court is also available on the Queensland Government’s website.
The University of Queensland (UQ) is one of Australia's premier learning and research institutions. It is the oldest university in Queensland and has produced generations of graduates who have gone on to become leaders in all areas of society and industry. The University is a founding member of the national Group of Eight, an alliance of research-strong "sandstone" universities committed to ensuring that Australia has higher education institutions which are genuinely world class. It belongs also to the global Universitas 21 alliance. This group aims to enhance the quality of university outcomes through international benchmarking and a joint venture e-learning project with The Thomson Corporation.
UQ continues to attract the vast majority of the state's highest academic achievers and is renowned nationally and internationally for the quality of its teaching and research. In 1998-99 it was named Australia's University of the Year and it continues to enjoy the highest overall rating for Queensland universities in the annual Good Universities Guide.
UQ remains the most successful Australian university in winning and being shortlisted for Australian Awards for University Teaching since they were established in 1997. On a variety of measures it is one of the top three or four research universities in the country and this success was underlined last year when it celebrated its 5000th PhD graduation. UQ also is building a cluster of international-quality research centres and institutes that will keep it at the frontiers of emerging research fields, particularly the biosciences.
The University of Queensland's graduates have a strong record of success in attaining employment and income levels well above average. UQ qualifications are highly regarded by employers everywhere and our graduates form a powerful network of success across all industries and endeavours in all corners of the globe. In recent years, the international standing of UQ has been reinforced with a rapid growth in fee-paying students from abroad, as well as strong growth in postgraduate studies.
Detailed statistical data on students, staff, finance and other key indicators is available from the UQ Data Warehouse, administered by Management Information Section.